The International Relations of our country in today's world


In the blue room of the CTA Autonomous in the city of Buenos Aires, chaired by our President, Dr. Félix Daniel Barrios and with the assistance of our secretary, Mr. Pablo Gabriel Miraglia, an exhibition on International Relations in the Federal Multisectorial was held. of the aforementioned entity.

Our president, Dr. Barrios, in his presentation, expressed that the assumption of the National Government of the new Right coalition brought about changes in style and content in the Foreign Policy of our country. Throughout its last 40 years of democratic history, foreign policy has shown changes, contradictions and nuances. However, even in the midst of this diversity, there was a fundamental "common minimum" between the different parties and coalitions in government. These coincidences between political actors and social forces function as vital safeguards, even during those periods in which attempts are made to radically alter the structuring axes of foreign policy. These are "tacit agreements" that serve as safeguard mechanisms to preserve the continuity of valuable patterns of Argentina's foreign relations.

Hours after the electoral result was known, two international analysts, Bernabé Malacalza and Juan Gabriel Tokatlian, considered that "the La Libertad Avanza government will not only imply drastic changes in economic, social and human rights policies, but will also introduce a new dimension in Argentine foreign policy. Given the reactionary and conspiratorial nature of the vision of this political space, serious risks are posed for international relations. Milei has made grotesque statements, such as when he articulated his unwillingness to "make pacts with communists," in reference to China, and when he advocated breaking diplomatic ties with Lula's Brazil, as well as the dissolution of MERCOSUR. In addition, he has expressed his opposition to the United Nations 2030 Agenda, to distance himself from what he calls "cultural Marxism." Along with Milei's statements, his relatives and influential people have delved into these positions, participating in frequent debates and criticizing the United Nations, multilateralism, environmentalism and scientists, whom they accuse of "twisting" the explanations about climate change. They have also expressed their frontal opposition to principles such as social justice and gender equality. In this context, concern has increased about the trajectory of Argentina's relations with the world."

The history of Latin American foreign policy was marked by the swing between two positions: autonomy and alignment. A review of the history of Argentine foreign relations shows us that since the Pan-American Conferences of the 19th century it sought an independent way of doing foreign policy, often even in view of confronting powers. Both positions reflected the ideas, projects and reasoning of the governments in power and on many occasions they changed direction in relatively short periods of time. The logic of autonomy is based on the search to be architects of the nation's own destiny, that is, sovereign, restricting the influence of the great powers in the country and seeking a more equitable international order. This is the path that must be taken again. The current government is based on achieving the support of the hegemonic power to obtain material and symbolic benefits, showing signs of alignment. It has a subordinate character with the central power. Milei's unrestricted support for the genocidal actions of the State of Israel towards the Palestinian people and its continuous attacks on its neighbors Lebanon and Syria are an example of this "new Argentine foreign policy." Another is what was expressed in the Foreign Ministry statement about the "Russian Invasion of Ukraine."

Other events that proved the concepts of Mlaacalza and Tokatlian right were: the withdrawal of the Nicaraguan ambassadors, due to the "statements and expressions" of President Milei; and from Colombia, after Milei said that President Petro was a murderer; generating disagreements with China for Foreign Minister Mondino receiving the Taiwan delegation and for Milei's statements about the lack of freedom in the Asian giant; Argentina's withdrawal from the BRICS and other topics that were in the media lately. Surely serious facts such as Milei's agreement to allow the Project to Deepen and Extend the Access Channel to the Port of Montevideo to 14 meters are surely left out of this first analysis, resigning a sovereign exit to the Argentine Sea and a loss of at least US$ 7,000 millions. More clear in terms of the submission of Milei's foreign policy is the idea of ​​dollarization when an important part of the world advances in de-dollarization policies, transnational trade with payment in national currencies and the creation of alternative systems to SWIFT, which regulates international transfers and whose main promoter is the US, who can block international transfers, something that it uses as a weapon in the economic war.

The analysis of these issues, the vision of international politics, its scenarios and how they affect our country and how to get foreign policy back on track in the future are reasons of this kind.