Argentina: its relations with China, the restlessness of the United States and its need to remain non-aligned. Independence and sovereignty in a globalized world.


Argentina, our country, known for its cultural diversity, natural resources and an economy in constant evolution and involution, a country with a rich history of struggles for independence and sovereignty, has been developing significant relations with China in recent decades and faces a constant challenge in its foreign policy. This relationship, marked by trade agreements and cooperation in various areas, has attracted the attention of the United States, raising concerns about the geopolitical and economic impact on the region. Argentina's position as an independent nation and to remain a non-aligned country, without depending on any foreign power, in an increasingly globalized world and with increasing geopolitical tensions, takes on crucial importance.

National Sovereignty: A historic priority. Risks of dependence on foreign powers

The history of Argentina is marked by a constant struggle for sovereignty and independence. From the days of the struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule to the political and economic challenges of the 21st century, the preservation of national sovereignty has been a central objective for the country. Argentina has always sought to be the master of its destiny, protecting its resources, its culture and its identity as a nation.

Dependence on foreign powers carries significant risks to a country's autonomy. Argentina has witnessed these risks in the past, with examples of foreign influence in its domestic and foreign policy. Economic dependence, for example, can lead to policies that are not in the best interest of the country, as well as vulnerabilities in times of global economic crises.

In the political sphere, dependency can involve pressure to align with the agendas of other nations, even when they do not align with Argentine interests. This may limit Argentina's ability to make sovereign and autonomous decisions on key foreign policy issues.

Argentina and China: A Growing Link

Relations between Argentina and China have experienced notable growth in the last two decades. One of the highlights of this relationship has been the commercial aspect. China has become one of Argentina's main trading partners, being the main destination for its exports of agricultural products, such as soybeans, soybean oil and beef. This exchange has been fundamental for the Argentine economy, especially at a time when it sought to diversify its markets and reduce its dependence on Western countries.

In addition to trade, Argentina and China have signed a series of cooperation agreements in areas such as energy, infrastructure and technology. For example, we have worked on joint projects in the energy sector, including the intention to construct hydroelectric dams and the exploration of renewable energy. Likewise, China has invested in the modernization of the Argentine railway network and in the intention to expand ports, contributing to the development of the country's infrastructure.

America's Concern

The rapprochement between Argentina and China has generated concerns in the United States, which views China's growing influence in Latin America with suspicion. One of the main concerns is the fear of greater Argentine economic dependence on China, which could lead to a loss of US influence in the region. This concern has worsened in a context of geopolitical tensions between the United States and China at a global level.

Another aspect that has worried the United States is cybersecurity. The involvement of Chinese companies in technology and infrastructure projects in Argentina has raised concerns about possible security risks and cyber espionage. The United States has urged Argentina and other Latin American countries to be cautious about allowing Chinese companies to participate in strategic sectors.

Additionally, there are concerns about unfair competition in the market. Some Argentine sectors, such as manufacturing production, have expressed concern about Chinese competition, which often offers products at lower prices due to lower production costs. This has generated tensions in the commercial sphere and has led to calls for Argentina to protect its local industry.

A world in constant change: The importance of Non-Alignment

In a world marked by geopolitical tensions between global powers, Argentina's non-alignment becomes even more important. Remaining neutral in international conflicts and not being part of specific military or political alliances allows Argentina to preserve its autonomy and make decisions based on its own interests and values.

Non-alignment also facilitates the diversification of Argentina's international relations. By not relying exclusively on one power, the country can seek economic, political and cultural opportunities from a variety of international partners, strengthening its position on the world stage.


Argentina's need to remain a non-aligned country without dependence on foreign powers is essential to preserve its sovereignty and autonomy. The country's history, marked by the fight for independence, underlines the importance of this position.

In an increasingly globalized world and with increasing geopolitical tensions, Argentina must continue to be the master of its destiny. Non-alignment allows it to make sovereign decisions, protect its national interests and seek opportunities in a diverse range of international relations.

The relationship between Argentina and China has experienced notable growth in recent decades, covering areas ranging from trade to cooperation in infrastructure and technology. While this has been beneficial for the Argentine economy and has contributed to the country's development, it has also raised concerns in the United States.

American concerns revolve around the possible loss of influence in the region, cybersecurity and unfair competition in the market. However, Argentina has sought to maintain a balance in its international relations, maintaining ties with China while also preserving its relations with other countries, including the United States.

The challenge for Argentina lies in reaping the benefits of its relationship with China, while addressing the legitimate concerns of its international allies. This careful balance will be crucial to ensure economic growth and stability in the region, in an increasingly complex geopolitical and economic context. It also lies in maintaining a balance between openness to the world and preserving its independence. By doing so, the country will be able to face global challenges with a strong and autonomous voice, for the benefit of its people and its future as a sovereign nation.

By: Pablo Gabriel Miraglia