Migration crises, consequences of a global imbalance

By Pablo Gabriel Miraglia

Migration crises reflect a boomerang for the policies of developed countries, since they are often a consequence of international decisions, conflicts and economic inequalities that involve these nations. The policies implemented in the past contribute to instability in other regions, generating migratory flows that then directly impact developed countries.

The relationship between migration crises and the economic policies of developed countries is intrinsic. Economic decisions, such as unbalanced trade agreements, tied aid policies and resource exploitation in less developed nations, often contribute to the generation of inequalities and conflicts. These factors, combined with the lack of opportunities and precarious conditions in many places, are catalysts for mass migration to more prosperous countries.

In some cases, international economic policies, such as the impositions of structural adjustment programs and geopolitical and socioeconomic policies, have exacerbated poverty by imposing measures that negatively affect the population of the intervened countries. Aid conditionality and economic interests have often taken precedence over the focus on sustainable development and poverty reduction. I call this "poverty policies" that in the end return in the form of migration crises to the countries that promote them in exchange for their prosperity.

The appetite for economic power of the powers sometimes translates into practices that perpetuate poverty in the most disadvantaged countries. Powers often seek to maximize their economic benefits at the expense of weaker countries, whether by exploiting their natural resources, imposing unfavorable conditions in trade agreements, or engaging in financial practices that favor their interests. This imbalance contributes significantly to global economic disparity and hinders sustainable and balanced development in the world. Change requires an ethical and collaborative approach that promotes more equitable and just international relations.

The pettiness and disinterest of developed countries play a significant role in generating migration crises. Selfish decisions, unfair economic policies, and a lack of international solidarity contribute to instability in other regions, forcing people to seek better living conditions in more prosperous countries.

Addressing migration crises means recognizing global interconnectedness and shared responsibility in creating more inclusive and cooperative policies that address the deep roots of migration. It also implies rethinking and reflecting on international economic relations and shared responsibility to prioritize strategies that promote equitable and sustainable development.